There are only two kinds of elephants left in the world: the African and the slightly smaller Asian elephant. The Asian elephant splits up into three subspecies: the Sumatran, the Indian and the Sri Lankan elephant. The ones in Indochina, means mainland Southeast Asia, are all Indian elephants.
The Asian elephant was once living in the whole southern part of Asia, from Syria to the east of China. Nowadays they are living only in some remote parts of South- and Southeast Asia. Elephants are, as many other species, an endangered one. They are the target of hunting, because their tusks (ivory) are a valuable merchandise. Additionally their habitats are still shrinking due to deforestration, infrastructure projects and urbanization.
In the past 100 years, the Asian elephant population has declined by 90%; the extent of their available habitat has shrunk by 95% in the same time. Only 25.000 - 35.000 Asian elephants remain in the wild, down from approximately 200,000 a century ago, in a patchwork of isolated forests. There are also approximately 15.000 Asian elephants living in captivity. At current trends, the Asian elephant could be extinct within the next thirty years."